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Title: On the propagation of hypersonic solitons in a strained paramagnetic crystal

Nonlinear dynamics of a subnanosecond transverse elastic pulse in a low-temperature paramagnetic crystal placed into a magnetic field and statically strained in the same direction is investigated. Paramagnetic impurities implanted into the crystal have an effective spin of 3/2, and the pulse propagates at right angles to the magnetic field. In the general case, the structure of the pulse is such that the approximation of slowly varying envelopes, which is standard for quasi-monochromatic signals, is inapplicable. Under certain conditions, the pulse propagation in the 1D case is described by the Konno-Kameyama-Sanuki integrable wave equation for strain, which is transformed into the Hirota equation for the envelope of the given strain in the quasi-monochromatic limit. The effect of transverse perturbations on extremely short and quasi-monochromatic solitons is studied in detail. The conditions and features of self-focusing and defocusing of acoustic solitons in the form of extremely short pulses and envelope solitons are revealed. The propagation of an extremely short “half-wave” hypersonic pulse in the “acoustic bullet” regime in the medium with a quasiequilibrium population of quantum sublevels of effective spins is predicted.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22309121
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CRYSTALS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PARAMAGNETISM; PULSES; SOLITONS; SPIN; WAVE EQUATIONS