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Title: Synthesis and single-crystal structure determination of the zinc nitride halides Zn{sub 2}NX (X=Cl, Br, I)

A series of zinc nitride halides, Zn{sub 2}NX (X=Cl, Br, I), has been synthesized from solid–liquid reactions of zinc nitride with the respective zinc halides under vacuum, and their crystal structures were determined using single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. While Zn{sub 2}NCl and Zn{sub 2}NBr crystallize in the acentric orthorhombic space group Pna2{sub 1}, Zn{sub 2}NI adopts the centrosymmetric space group Pnma; Zn{sub 2}NCl and Zn{sub 2}NBr can be considered to belong to the anti-β-NaFeO{sub 2} type, and Zn{sub 2}NI is closely related. Each N{sup 3−} is tetrahedrally coordinated by zinc atoms, and the X{sup −} anions are located in the vacancies of the framework formed by corner-sharing [NZn{sub 4}] tetrahedra. According to TGA/DTA analyses, the Zn{sub 2}NX compounds exhibit good thermal stability. The electronic structure has been analyzed by employing density-functional theory and the HSE06 hybrid functional. - Graphical abstract: Zn{sub 2}NCl, Zn{sub 2}NBr, and Zn{sub 2}NI have been synthesized, and their crystal structures (Cl and Br phases: Pna2{sub 1}; I phase: Pnma) have been determined from XRD; the direct band gap of Zn{sub 2}NCl is theoretically (HSE06 hybrid functional) predicted as 3.7 eV. - Highlights: • Zn{sub 2}NCl, Zn{sub 2}NBr, and Zn{sub 2}NI have been synthesized from solid–liquidmore » reactions. • The crystal structures of Zn{sub 2}NCl, Zn{sub 2}NBr, and Zn{sub 2}NI have been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction. • Zn{sub 2}NCl and Zn{sub 2}NBr crystallize in the acentric space group Pna2{sub 1} whereas Zn{sub 2}NI adopts the centrosymmetric space group Pnma. • Zn{sub 2}NCl and Zn{sub 2}NBr are stable up to 750 °C whereas Zn{sub 2}NI decays at 600 °C already. • The direct band gap of Zn{sub 2}NCl is theoretically predicted as 3.7 eV using the HSE06 hybrid functional.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22309012
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 203; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANIONS; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; LIQUIDS; MONOCRYSTALS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; SOLIDS; SPACE GROUPS; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; VACANCIES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC; ZINC HALIDES