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Title: Thermoelectric properties of composites made of Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6} and fullerene

About 18 g of Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6} were prepared by heating the elements in the stoichiometric ratio at 1000 K. The product was divided into four parts, and then C{sub 60} was added to three of these four parts at 1, 2, and 3 mass%, respectively. Each part was hot-pressed at 150 MPa and 923 K. The sample with 1% C{sub 60} was characterized via a Rietveld refinement and TEM analyses. Measurements of the three thermoelectric key properties revealed that the Seebeck coefficient barely depends on the carbon amount added, while both the electrical and the thermal conductivity decrease with increasing amount of carbon. Depending on the amount of C{sub 60} used and on the temperature, the thermoelectric performance was either enhanced or decreased, depending on whether the electrical conductivity decreased less or more than the thermal conductivity. At the highest temperature measured, all carbon-containing samples performed better than the unmodified bulk sample, namely up to 14%. These improvements are within the error margin, however. - Graphical abstract: Figure-of-merit of various Ni{sub 0.05}Mo{sub 3}Sb{sub 5.4}Te{sub 1.6}/C composites. - Highlights: • Composites of Mo{sub 3}(Sb,Te){sub 7} materials with C{sub 60} were synthesized and characterized. • The carbon additions formmore » amorphous nanoparticles with sizes of the order of 50 nm. • The Seebeck effect remains basically unaffected from the carbon additions. • Electrical and thermal conductivity decrease differently with increasing carbon content. • The figure-of-merit was slightly improved, most noteworthy at higher temperatures.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1 (Canada)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA 29634 (United States)
  3. Département des sciences appliqués, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada G7H 2B1 (Canada)
  4. CREMEM, Université de Bordeaux, F-33405 Talence (France)
  5. CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux, ICMCB, F-33600 Pessac (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22309011
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 203; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ANTIMONY; CARBON ADDITIONS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FULLERENES; NANOPARTICLES; SEEBECK EFFECT; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; THERMOELECTRIC PROPERTIES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY