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Title: Temperature dependence of Er{sup 3+} ionoluminescence and photoluminescence in Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Bi nanopowder

Ionoluminescence (IL) and photoluminescence (PL) of trivalent erbium ions (Er{sup 3+}) in Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanopowder host activated with Bi{sup 3+} ions has been studied in order to establish the link between changes in luminescent spectra and temperature of the sample material. IL measurements have been performed with H{sub 2}{sup +} 100 keV ion beam bombarding the target material for a few seconds, while PL spectra have been collected for temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 700 °C. The PL data was used as a reference in determining the temperature corresponding to IL spectra. The collected data enabled the definition of empirical formula based on the Boltzmann distribution, which allows the temperature to be determined with a maximum sensitivity of 9.7 × 10{sup −3} °C{sup −1}. The analysis of the Er{sup 3+} energy level structure in terms of tendency of the system to stay in thermal equilibrium, explained different behaviors of the line intensities. This work led to the conclusion that temperature changes during ion excitation can be easily defined with separately collected PL spectra. The final result, which is empirical formula describing dependence of fluorescence intensity ratio on temperature, raises the idea of an application of method in temperature control, during processesmore » like ion implantation and some nuclear applications.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Microelectronics and Optoelectronics, Warsaw University of Technology, ul. Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw (Poland)
  2. Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308846
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; BISMUTH IONS; BOLTZMANN STATISTICS; ENERGY LEVELS; ERBIUM IONS; EXCITATION; FLUORESCENCE; GADOLINIUM OXIDES; HYDROGEN IONS 2 PLUS; ION BEAMS; ION IMPLANTATION; KEV RANGE; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SENSITIVITY; SPECTRA; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM