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Title: Holographic and time-resolving ability of pulse-pair two-dimensional velocity interferometry

Previous velocity interferometers used at research laboratories for shock physics experiments measured target motion at a point or many points on a line on the target. Recently, a two-dimensional (2d) version (2d-velocity interferometer system for any reflector) has been demonstrated using a pair of ultrashort (3 ps) pulses for illumination, separated by 268 ps. We have discovered new abilities for this instrument, by treating the complex output image as a hologram. For data taken in an out of focus configuration, we can Fourier process to bring narrow features such as cracks into sharp focus, which are otherwise completely blurred. This solves a practical problem when using high numerical aperture optics having narrow depth of field to observe moving surface features such as cracks. Furthermore, theory predicts that the target appearance (position and reflectivity) at two separate moments in time are recorded by the main and conjugate images of the same hologram, and are partially separable during analysis for narrow features. Hence, for the cracks we bring into refocus, we can make a two-frame movie with a subnanosecond frame period. Longer and shorter frame periods are possible with different interferometer delays. Since the megapixel optical detectors we use have superior spatialmore » resolution over electronic beam based framing cameras, this technology could be of great use in studying microscopic three-dimensional-behavior of targets at ultrafast times scales. Demonstrations on shocked silicon are shown.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)
  3. Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308801
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CAMERAS; CRACKS; ELECTRON BEAMS; HOLOGRAPHY; ILLUMINANCE; IMAGES; INTERFEROMETERS; INTERFEROMETRY; OPTICS; PULSES; REFLECTIVITY; SILICON; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TIME RESOLUTION; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS