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Title: A new neutron time-of-flight detector for fuel-areal-density measurements on OMEGA

A new neutron time-of-flight (nTOF) detector for fuel-areal-density measurements in cryogenic DT implosions was installed on the OMEGA Laser System. The nTOF detector has a cylindrical thin-wall, stainless-steel, 8-in.-diam, 4-in.-thick cavity filled with an oxygenated liquid xylene scintillator. Four gated photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) with different gains are used to measure primary DT and D{sub 2} neutrons, down-scattered neutrons in nT and nD kinematic edge regions, and to study tertiary neutrons in the same detector. The nTOF detector is located 13.4 m from target chamber center in a well-collimated line of sight. The design details of the nTOF detector, PMT optimization, and test results on OMEGA will be presented.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308795
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DENSITY; DEUTERIUM; D-T OPERATION; GAIN; IMPLOSIONS; LASERS; MEASURING METHODS; NEUTRON DETECTORS; OPTIMIZATION; PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS; STAINLESS STEELS; TARGET CHAMBERS; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD; XYLENES