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Title: Structural and ambient/sub-ambient temperature magnetic properties of Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites synthesized by sol-gel assisted auto-combustion method

Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites CoFe{sub 2−x}Er{sub x}O{sub 4} (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.04) were synthesized by sol-gel assisted auto-combustion method. The precursor powders were calcined at 673–873 K for 4 h, subsequently pressed into pellets and sintered at 1273 K for 4 h. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of the spinel phase for all the compositions and, additional orthoferrite phase for higher compositions (x = 0.03 and 0.04). The XRD spectra and the Transmission Electron Microscopy micrographs indicate that the nanocrystalline particulates of the Er-substituted cobalt ferrites have crystallite size of ∼120–200 nm. The magnetization curves show an increase in saturation magnetization (M{sub S}) and coercivity (H{sub C}) for Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites at sub-ambient temperatures. M{sub S} for CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.98}Er{sub 0.02}O{sub 4}, and CoFe{sub 0.97}Er{sub 0.03}O{sub 4} peak at 89.7 Am{sup 2}/kg, 89.3 Am{sup 2}/kg, 88.8 Am{sup 2}/kg, and 87.1 Am{sup 2}/kg, respectively, at a sub-ambient temperature of ∼150 K. H{sub C} substantially increases with decrease in temperature for all the compositions, while it peaks at x = 0.01−0.02 at all temperatures. The combination of Er content—x ∼ 0.02 and the temperature—∼5 K provides the maximum H{sub C} ∼ 984 kA/m. Er-substituted cobalt-ferrites have higher cubic anisotropy constant, K{sub 1}, compared to pure cobalt-ferrite at ambient/sub-ambient temperatures. K{sub 1} gradually increases for all compositions in the temperature decreasing frommore » 300 to 100 K. While K{sub 1} peaks at ∼150 K for pure cobalt-ferrite, it peaks at ∼50 K for CoFe{sub 0.99}Er{sub 0.01}O{sub 4}, CoFe{sub 0.98}Er{sub 0.02}O{sub 4}, and CoFe{sub 0.96}Er{sub 0.04}O{sub 4}. The M{sub S} (∼88.7 Am{sup 2}/kg), at 5 K, for Er substituted cobalt-ferrite is close to the highest values reported for Sm and Gd substituted cobalt-ferrites. The M{sub S} (∼83.5 Am{sup 2}/kg) at 300 K for Er-substituted cobalt-ferrite is the highest among the lanthanide series element substituted cobalt-ferrites. The H{sub C} (at 5 K) for Er substituted cobalt-ferrite is close to the highest values observed for La, Ce, Nd, Sm, and Gd substituted cobalt-ferrites.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India)
  2. (India)
  3. Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)
  4. Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, IIT-Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308730
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; ANISOTROPY; COBALT COMPOUNDS; COBALT OXIDES; COERCIVE FORCE; CRYSTALS; ERBIUM ADDITIONS; ERBIUM OXIDES; FERRITES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; POWDERS; RARE EARTHS; SATURATION; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SPECTRA; SPINELS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION