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Title: Gas cell for in situ soft X-ray transmission-absorption spectroscopy of materials

A simple gas cell design, constructed primarily from commercially available components, enables in situ soft X-ray transmission-absorption spectroscopy of materials in contact with gas at ambient temperature. The cell has a minimum X-ray path length of 1 mm and can hold gas pressures up to ∼300 Torr, and could support higher pressures with simple modifications. The design enables cycling between vacuum and gas environments without interrupting the X-ray beam, and can be fully sealed to allow for measurements of air-sensitive samples. The cell can attach to the downstream port of any appropriate synchrotron beamline, and offers a robust and versatile method for in situ measurements of certain materials. The construction and operation of the cell are discussed, as well as sample preparation and proper spectral analysis, illustrated by examples of spectral measurements. Potential areas for improvement and modification for specialized applications are also mentioned.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308686
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; AIR; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; CONSTRUCTION; GASES; MATERIALS TESTING; OPERATION; PHOTON BEAMS; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA 10-100; PRESSURE RANGE MILLI PA; SOFT X RADIATION; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION