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Title: Mass-ablation-rate measurements in direct-drive cryogenic implosions using x-ray self-emission images

A technique to measure the mass ablation rate in direct-drive inertial confinement fusion implosions using a pinhole x-ray framing camera is presented. In target designs consisting of two layers of different materials, two x-ray self-emission peaks from the coronal plasma were measured once the laser burned through the higher-Z outer layer. The location of the inner peak is related to the position of the ablation front and the location of the outer peak corresponds to the position of the interface of the two layers in the plasma. The emergence of the second peak was used to measure the burnthrough time of the outer layer, giving the average mass ablation rate of the material and instantaneous mass remaining. By varying the thickness of the outer layer, the mass ablation rate can be obtained as a function of time. Simulations were used to validate the methods and verify that the measurement techniques are not sensitive to perturbation growth at the ablation surface.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14636 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308599
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ABLATION; CAMERAS; DISTURBANCES; IMAGES; IMPLOSIONS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; LASER RADIATION; MASS; PLASMA; SIMULATION; SURFACES; THICKNESS; TIME DEPENDENCE; X RADIATION