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Title: X-ray area backlighter development at the National Ignition Facility (invited)

1D spectral imaging was used to characterize the K-shell emission of Z ≈ 30–35 and Z ≈ 40–42 laser-irradiated foils at the National Ignition Facility. Foils were driven with up to 60 kJ of 3ω light, reaching laser irradiances on target between 0.5 and 20 × 10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}. Laser-to-X-ray conversion efficiency (CE) into the He{sub α} line (plus satellite emission) of 1.0%–1.5% and 0.15%–0.2% was measured for Z ≈ 30–32 and Z ≈ 40–42, respectively. Measured CE into He{sub α} (plus satellite emission) of Br (Z = 35) compound foils (either KBr or RbBr) ranged between 0.16% and 0.29%. Measured spectra are compared with 1D non-local thermodynamic equilibrium atomic kinetic and radiation transport simulations, providing a fast and accurate predictive capability.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
  2. Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308584
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CONVERSION; EFFICIENCY; FOILS; K SHELL; LASER RADIATION; LTE; POTASSIUM BROMIDES; RADIANT FLUX DENSITY; RADIATION TRANSPORT; RUBIDIUM BROMIDES; SIMULATION; SPECTROSCOPY; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY; X RADIATION