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Title: Design of a backscatter 14-MeV neutron time-of-flight spectrometer for experiments at ITER

Neutron energy spectrometry diagnostics play an important role in present-day experiments related to fusion energy research. Measurements and thorough analysis of the neutron emission from the fusion plasma give information on a number of basic fusion performance quantities, on the condition of the neutron source and plasma behavior. Here we discuss the backscatter Time-of-Flight (bTOF) spectrometer concept as a possible instrument for performing high resolution measurements of 14 MeV neutrons. The instrument is based on two sets of scintillators, a first scatterer exposed to a collimated neutron beam and a second detector set placed in the backward direction. The scintillators of the first set are enriched in deuterium to achieve neutron backscattering. The energy resolution and efficiency of a bTOF instrument have been determined for various geometrical configurations. A preliminary design of optimal geometry for the two scintillator sets has been obtained by Monte Carlo simulations based on the MCNPX code.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Div. Applied Nuclear Physics, Dept. Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, Uppsala, 751 20 (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308281
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1612; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: International conference on fusion reactor diagnostics, Varenna (Italy), 9-13 Sep 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BACKSCATTERING; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DESIGN; DEUTERIUM; ENERGY RESOLUTION; ITER TOKAMAK; MEV RANGE 10-100; MONTE CARLO METHOD; NEUTRON BEAMS; NEUTRON EMISSION; NEUTRON SOURCES; NEUTRONS; PLASMA; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD; TIME-OF-FLIGHT SPECTROMETERS