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Title: Evidence of improved ferroelectric phase stabilization in Nd and Sc co-substituted BiFeO{sub 3}

Polycrystalline BiFeO{sub 3} and Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 1−x}Sc{sub x}O{sub 3} (x = 0, 0.05, and 0.10) multiferroic compounds were prepared using conventional solid-state route. X-ray diffraction studies and Raman measurements indicated that the compounds were crystallized in rhombohedral structure with R3c space group. Weak ferromagnetism was induced due to the suppression of canted spin structure in the substituted compounds. Both remanent magnetization (M{sub r}) and coercive field (H{sub c}) were enhanced in Nd and Sc substituted compounds. Further, Néel temperature T{sub N} was decreased from 644 K for BiFeO{sub 3} to 550 K for Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 0.9}Sc{sub 0.1}O{sub 3} compound due to weakening of magnetic exchange interactions between B-site cations in the substituted compounds. Enhanced and nearly well saturated electrical polarizations were observed in Sc substituted compounds, which are attributed to the strengthening of covalent hybridization between Bi and O ions and reduction in oxygen vacancies. The remnant polarization was enhanced to 12.5 μC/cm{sup 2} in Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 0.9}Sc{sub 0.1}O{sub 3} compound. Impedance studies revealed that insulating character of substituted compounds is enhanced and electrical relaxations are of non-Debye type.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Advanced Functional Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Telangana 502205 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308174
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; COVALENCE; EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS; FERRITES; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETISM; MAGNETIZATION; NEEL TEMPERATURE; NEODYMIUM ADDITIONS; OXYGEN IONS; POLARIZATION; POLYCRYSTALS; RELAXATION; SCANDIUM COMPOUNDS; SPACE GROUPS; SPIN; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION