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Title: Slew-rate dependence of tracer magnetization response in magnetic particle imaging

Magnetic Particle Imaging (MPI) is a new biomedical imaging technique that produces real-time, high-resolution tomographic images of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle tracers. Currently, 25 kHz and 20 mT/μ{sub 0} excitation fields are common in MPI, but lower field amplitudes may be necessary for patient safety in future designs. Here, we address fundamental questions about MPI tracer magnetization dynamics and predict tracer performance in future scanners that employ new combinations of excitation field amplitude (H{sub o}) and frequency (ω). Using an optimized, monodisperse MPI tracer, we studied how several combinations of drive field frequencies and amplitudes affect the tracer's response, using Magnetic Particle Spectrometry and AC hysteresis, for drive field conditions at 15.5, 26, and 40.2 kHz, with field amplitudes ranging from 7 to 52 mT/μ{sub 0}. For both fluid and immobilized nanoparticle samples, we determined that magnetic response was dominated by Néel reversal. Furthermore, we observed that the peak slew-rate (ωH{sub o}) determined the tracer magnetic response. Smaller amplitudes provided correspondingly smaller field of view, sometimes resulting in excitation of minor hysteresis loops. Changing the drive field conditions but keeping the peak slew-rate constant kept the tracer response almost the same. Higher peak slew-rates led to reduced maximum signal intensity and greater coercivity inmore » the tracer response. Our experimental results were in reasonable agreement with Stoner-Wohlfarth model based theories.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)
  2. LodeSpin Labs, P.O. Box 95632, Seattle, Washington 98145 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308167
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMPLITUDES; COERCIVE FORCE; EXCITATION; HYSTERESIS; IRON OXIDES; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NEEL TEMPERATURE; PARTICLES; RESOLUTION; SIMULATION; SPECTROSCOPY; SUPERPARAMAGNETISM