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Title: Surface effects and phase stability in metal oxides nanoparticles under visible irradiation

The light induced phase transformation between stable phases of metal oxides nanoparticles is analyzed. The surrounding atmosphere as well as the defect density at the surface play a fundamental role. It has been found that in oxygen poor chamber atmosphere the phase transformation is favored, while the phase transition cannot be achieved if the defects at the surface are properly passivated. The phase transition is activated by intragap irradiation, able to activate the F- center at the surface connected to oxygen vacancies, and promoting the activation of the surface and the nucleation of neighboring crystallites. The phase transition was studied in Titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) and in Iron oxide (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}): Maghemite is subjected to a phase transformation to α−Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (hematite), Anatase nanoparticles converts to Rutile. The general mechanism of the phase transition and, more in general, the possibility to optically control the surface activity of metal oxides is discussed.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá degli Studi di Cagliari, S.P. Monserrato-Sestu Km 0,700, 09042 Monserrato (Canada) (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308107
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1624; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: SIO2014: 10. international symposium on SiO2, advanced dielectrics and related devices, Cagliari (Italy), 16-18 Jun 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; F CENTERS; FERRITES; HEMATITE; IRON OXIDES; IRRADIATION; NANOPARTICLES; NUCLEATION; OXYGEN; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; RUTILE; SURFACES; TITANIUM OXIDES; VISIBLE RADIATION