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Title: In vitro cytotoxicity tests of ZnO‐Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}‐Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3}-based varistor fabricated from ZnO micro and nanoparticle powders on L929 mouse cells

The present study investigated the cytotoxicity of ZnO‐Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}‐Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3}-varistors. To this effect, ZnO‐Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}‐Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3} varistors fabricated from ZnO micro-and nanoparticle powders are prepared via conventional ceramic processing method. The effects of ZnO particle size on the properties of ZnO varistors are also investigated. The strong solid-state reaction during sintering may be attributed to the high surface area of the 20 nm ZnO nanoparticles that promote strong surface reaction. The intensity of XRD peaks reflected the high degree of crystallinity of the ZnO nanoparticles. However, the width of the peaks in case of ZnO nanoparticles has increased due to the quantum size effect. The cytotoxicity evaluation of ZnO varistor was conducted on mouse connective tissue fibroblast cells (L929) using Trypan Blue Exclusion Assay analysis. The results show that the four types of varistor samples lead to cellular mitochondrial dysfunction, morphological modifications and apoptosis at the various concentration range and the toxic effects are obviously displayed in high concentration samples. 20nm-VDR is the most toxic materials followed by 40nm-VDR, P8-VDR, and W4-VDR in a descending order.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Nano-optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory (N.O.R.), School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Penang (Malaysia)
  2. Advanced Medical and Dental Institute (AMDI), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 13200, Bertam, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308085
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1621; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICSAS 2014: 3. international conference on fundamental and applied sciences: Innovative research in applied sciences for a sustainable future, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 3-5 Jun 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; APOPTOSIS; BISMUTH OXIDES; CERAMICS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; FIBROBLASTS; IN VITRO; MANGANESE OXIDES; MICE; MITOCHONDRIA; NANOPARTICLES; PARTICLE SIZE; SEMICONDUCTOR RESISTORS; SINTERING; SURFACE AREA; TOXIC MATERIALS; TOXICITY; TRYPAN BLUE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDES