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Title: ZnO-PVA nanocomposite films for low threshold optical limiting applications

Zinc oxide-PVA nanocomposite films were fabricated adopting a simple method based on solution-casting, incorporating small weight percentages (<1.2 wt%) of ZnO in PVA (∼0.625×10{sup −3}M to 7×10{sup −3}M), and their structure, morphology, linear and low threshold nonlinear optical properties were investigated. The films were characterized as nanostructured ZnO encapsulated between the molecules/chains of the semicrystalline host polymer PVA. The samples exhibited low threshold nonlinear absorption and negative nonlinear refraction, as studied using the Z-scan technique. A switchover from SA to RSA was observed as the concentration of ZnO was increased. The optical limiting of 632.8 nm CW laser light displayed by these nanocomposite films is also demonstrated. The estimated values of the effective coefficients of nonlinear absorption, nonlinear refraction and third-order nonlinear susceptibility, |χ{sup (3)}|, compared to those reported for continuous wave laser light excitation, measure up to the highest among them. The results show that the ZnO-PVA nanocomposite films have great potential applications in future optical and photonic devices.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Kerala, Kariavattom, Trivandrum-695581, Kerala (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308044
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1620; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Optics 14: International conference on optics: Light and its interactions with matter, Calicut, Kerala (India), 19-21 Mar 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; EXCITATION; MOLECULES; MORPHOLOGY; NANOSTRUCTURES; NONLINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PVA; REFRACTION; VISIBLE RADIATION; ZINC OXIDES