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Title: Coherent population transfer and optical dipole force by chirped Gaussian femtosecond pulses in four level {sup 87}Rb

We report coherent population transfer(CPT) in a four level atomic system, coupled by three chirped Gaussian femtosecond pulses. CPT is studied under two specific conditions beyond the RWA. It is observed that nearly complete population transfer to the states |3> and |4> can be achieved by maintaining proper resonance condition and judiciously choosing the laser parameters. In addition to this, the transverse optical dipole force on the four-level atomic system is numerically studied. The transverse force provides an acceleration to an atom which is eight order of magnitude higher than earth’s gravitational acceleration g. The force changes from a focusing force to a defocusing one as the initial population changes from the ground states to the excited states.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039, Assam (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308039
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1620; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Optics 14: International conference on optics: Light and its interactions with matter, Calicut, Kerala (India), 19-21 Mar 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ATOMS; DIPOLES; ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES; EXCITED STATES; FOCUSING; GAUSS FUNCTION; GROUND STATES; POPULATION INVERSION; RESONANCE; RUBIDIUM 87