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Title: Quantum tomography meets dynamical systems and bifurcations theory

A powerful tool for studying geometrical problems in Hilbert spaces is developed. We demonstrate the convergence and robustness of our method in every dimension by considering dynamical systems theory. This method provides numerical solutions to hard problems involving many coupled nonlinear equations in low and high dimensions (e.g., quantum tomography problem, existence and classification of Pauli partners, mutually unbiased bases, complex Hadamard matrices, equiangular tight frames, etc.). Additionally, this tool can be used to find analytical solutions and also to implicitly prove the existence of solutions. Here, we develop the theory for the quantum pure state tomography problem in finite dimensions but this approach is straightforwardly extended to the rest of the problems. We prove that solutions are always attractive fixed points of a nonlinear operator explicitly given. As an application, we show that the statistics collected from three random orthonormal bases is enough to reconstruct pure states from experimental (noisy) data in every dimension d ⩽ 32.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Departamento de Fisíca, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile and Center for Optics and Photonics, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 4012, Concepción (Chile)
  2. Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, IFIMAR-CONICET, Dean Funes 3350, 7600 Mar del Plata (Argentina)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22306205
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; BIFURCATION; HILBERT SPACE; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; NUMERICAL SOLUTION; PURE STATES; QUANTUM MECHANICS; RANDOMNESS