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Title: Classical non-Markovian Boltzmann equation

The modeling of particle transport involves anomalous diffusion, (x²(t) ) ∝ t{sup α} with α ≠ 1, with subdiffusive transport corresponding to 0 < α < 1 and superdiffusive transport to α > 1. These anomalies give rise to fractional advection-dispersion equations with memory in space and time. The usual Boltzmann equation, with only isolated binary collisions, is Markovian and, in particular, the contributions of the three-particle distribution function are neglected. We show that the inclusion of higher-order distribution functions give rise to an exact, non-Markovian Boltzmann equation with resulting transport equations for mass, momentum, and kinetic energy with memory in both time and space. The two- and the three-particle distribution functions are considered under the assumption that the two- and the three-particle correlation functions are translationally invariant that allows us to obtain advection-dispersion equations for modeling transport in terms of spatial and temporal fractional derivatives.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina 28403-5606 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22306199
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ADVECTION; BOLTZMANN EQUATION; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; DIFFUSION; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; MARKOV PROCESS; TRANSPORT THEORY