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Title: The in-medium effects on the neutrino reaction in dense matter

The nucleon form factors in free space are usually thought to be modified when a nucleon is bound in a nucleus or immersed in a nuclear medium. We investigated effects of the density-dependent axial and weak-vector form factors on the electro-neutrino (ν{sub e}) and anti-electro-neutrino (¯ν{sub e}) reactions with incident energy E{sub v} ≤ 80 MeV via neutral current (NC) and charged current (CC) for a nucleon in a nuclear medium or ¹²C. For the density-dependent form factors, we exploited the quark-meson-coupling (QMC) model, and apply them to the ν{sub e} and ¯ν{sub e} induced reactions by NC and CC. In CC reaction, about 5 % decrease of the electro neutrino (ν{sub e}) reaction cross section on the nucleon is shown to be occurred in normal density, ρ=ρ{sub 0}~0.15fm⁻³, and also about 5 % reduction of total ν{sub e} cross section on ¹²C is obtained by the modification of the weak form factors for bound nucleons. Density effects for both cases are relatively small, but they are as large as the effect by the Coulomb distortion of outgoing leptons in the ν-reaction. However, density effects in the anti-electro neutrino (¯ν{sub e}) reaction reduced significantly about 30 % the cross sectionsmore » for both the nucleon and ¹²C cases. For NC, about 12 % decrease of the total cross section by the ν{sub e} reaction on the nucleon is obtained at normal density, ρ=ρ₀~0.15fm⁻³, as well as about 18 % reduction of the total ν{sub e} cross section on ¹²C, by the modification of the weak form factors of the bound nucleon. However, similarly to the CC reaction, effects of the nucleon property change in the ¯ν{sub e} reaction reduce significantly the cross sections about 30 % for the nucleon in matter and ¹²C cases. In this talk, we address that such a large asymmetry in the ¯ν{sub e} cross sections in both reactions is originated from the different helicities of ¯ν{sub e} and ν{sub e}.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Koyang 412-791 (Korea, Republic of)
  3. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda 278-8510 (Japan)
  4. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
  5. CSSM, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia and International Institute of Physics (IIP), Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN 59078-400 (Brazil)
  6. College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Fujisawa 252-8510 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22306104
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1604; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PPC 2013: 7. international conference on interconnections between particle physics and cosmology, Lead-Deadwood, SD (United States), 24 Jun - 6 Jul 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publisher:
AIP
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; CHARGED CURRENTS; FORM FACTORS; MESONS; MEV RANGE 10-100; NEUTRAL CURRENTS; NEUTRINO REACTIONS; NEUTRINOS; NUCLEONS; QUARKS; TOTAL CROSS SECTIONS