skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Argon metastable dynamics and lifetimes in a direct current microdischarge

In this paper we study the properties of a pulsed dc microdischarge with the continuous flow of argon. Argon metastable lifetimes are measured by tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) and are compared with calculated values which yield information about excitation and de-excitation processes. By increasing the gas flow-rate about 5 times from 10 to 50 sccm, the Ar{sup m} lifetime increases from 1 to 5 μs due to the reduction of metastable quenching with gas impurities. Optical emission spectroscopy reveals nitrogen and water molecules as the main gas impurities. The estimated N₂ density [N₂]=0.1% is too low to explain the measured metastable lifetimes. Water impurity was found to be the main de-excitation source of argon metastable atoms due to high quenching coefficients. The water impurity level of [H₂O]=0.15% to 1% is sufficient to bring calculated metastable lifetimes in line with experiments. The maximum value of water content in the discharge compared to the argon atoms is estimated to approximately 6%, due to the large surface to volume ratio of the microdischarge. The current pulse releases the water molecules from the electrode surface and they are either re-adsorbed in the time between 0.4 ms for [H₂O]=1% and 2.6 ms formore » [H₂O]=0.15% or pumped out of the discharge with the speed equal to the gas flow-rate. Depending on its partial pressure, the water impurity re-adsorption time is of the order of magnitude or less then the argon gas residence time.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)
  2. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Institute for Experimental Physics II, Universitätsstraße 150, 44780 Bochum (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22305986
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ADSORPTION; APPROXIMATIONS; ARGON; ATOMS; DE-EXCITATION; DENSITY; DIRECT CURRENT; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; EXCITATION; GAS FLOW; HUMIDITY; IMPURITIES; LIFETIME; MOLECULES; NITROGEN; PARTIAL PRESSURE; QUENCHING; REDUCTION; SURFACES