skip to main content

Title: An electrochemical cell for in operando studies of lithium/sodium batteries using a conventional x-ray powder diffractometer

An electrochemical cell has been designed for powder X-ray diffraction studies of lithium ion batteries (LIB) and sodium ion batteries (SIB) in operando with high time resolution using a conventional powder X-ray diffractometer. The cell allows for studies of both anode and cathode electrode materials in reflection mode. The cell design closely mimics that of standard battery testing coin cells and allows obtaining powder X-ray diffraction patterns under representative electrochemical conditions. In addition, the cell uses graphite as the X-ray window instead of beryllium, and it is easy to operate and maintain. Test examples on lithium insertion/extraction in two spinel-type LIB electrode materials (Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} anode and LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode) are presented as well as first results on sodium extraction from a layered SIB cathode material (Na{sub 0.84}Fe{sub 0.56}Mn{sub 0.44}O{sub 2})
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Center for Materials Crystallography, Department of Chemistry and iNANO, Aarhus University, Aarhus (Denmark)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22305898
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Review of Scientific Instruments; Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANODES; BERYLLIUM; CATHODES; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; GRAPHITE; LITHIUM IONS; LITHIUM TITANATES; POWDERS; SODIUM; SODIUM IONS; SPINELS; TIME RESOLUTION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETERS