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Title: Dynamics of polymer film formation during spin coating

Standard models explaining the spin coating of polymer solutions generally fail to describe the early stages of film formation, when hydrodynamic forces control the solution behavior. Using in situ light scattering alongside theoretical and semi-empirical models, it is shown that inertial forces (which initially cause a vertical gradient in the radial solvent velocity within the film) play a significant role in the rate of thinning of the solution. The development of thickness as a function of time of a solute-free liquid (toluene) and a blend of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) cast from toluene were fitted to different models as a function of toluene partial pressure. In the case of the formation of the polymer blend film, a concentration-dependent (Huggins) viscosity formula was used to account for changes in viscosity during spin coating. A semi-empirical model is introduced, which permits calculation of the solvent evaporation rate and the temporal evolution of the solute volume fraction and solution viscosity.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom)
  2. Materials Research Group, Department of Chemistry and the Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork (Ireland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22305698
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; EVAPORATION; EVOLUTION; FILMS; HYDRODYNAMICS; LIQUIDS; METHACRYLIC ACID ESTERS; PARTIAL PRESSURE; POLYSTYRENE; SIMULATION; SPIN-ON COATING; STANDARD MODEL; THICKNESS; TIME DEPENDENCE; TOLUENE; VISCOSITY