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Title: Investigation of A-site La substituted BaTi{sub 0.96}Mn{sub 0.04}O{sub 3} ceramics: Searching for ferromagnetic origin

Ba{sub 1-x}La{sub x}Ti{sub 0.96}Mn{sub 0.04}O{sub 3} ceramics (x = 0, 3%, 7%) were prepared by a modified Pechini method and the structure, morphology, magnetic and electric properties have been investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals La{sup 3+} ions could suppress the formation of hexagonal phase effectively. The cell parameter c decreases firstly and then increases with the increase of La content, which indicates that La ions have been incorporated into the lattice of BaTi{sub 0.96}Mn{sub 0.04}O{sub 3}, and that Mn ions transform from high valence to low valence. The magnetization, polarization and leakage currents are also influenced by La doping greatly. Detailed analysis of magnetic variation with structural change attributes the room temperature ferromagnetism to double exchange interactions between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} ions.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304491
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS; FERROMAGNETISM; LANTHANUM ADDITIONS; LEAKAGE CURRENT; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANESE ADDITIONS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TITANATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION