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Title: Direct observation of intrinsic piezoelectricity of Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} by time-resolved x-ray diffraction measurement using single-crystalline films

Lead zirconate titanate, Pb(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} or PZT, is one of the most widely investigated ferroelectric and piezoelectric materials due to its superior properties. However, the intrinsic properties of PZT have not been directly measured due to the lack of fabrication of single crystals even though a basic understanding of intrinsic properties has been of interest developing lead-free piezoelectric materials. We demonstrated the direct observation of the intrinsic piezoelectric property by means of the detection of electric-field induced crystal lattice distortion of thick Pb(Zr{sub 0.35}Ti{sub 0.65})O{sub 3} single-crystalline films with single polar-axis orientation and negligible residual strain using the time-resolved X-ray diffraction (XRD) together with the polarization response. Consequently, the effective converse piezoelectric response was experimentally revealed; hence, the electrostrictive coefficient, which is the conversion coefficient between the electrical and mechanical response, was determined. The obtained effective electrostrictive coefficient was 5.2–6.3 × 10{sup −2} m{sup 4}/C{sup 2}, which agrees with theoretical prediction.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Innovative and Engineered Materials, Tokyo Institute of Technology, J2-1508, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8502 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
  3. Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304477
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CONVERSION; CRYSTAL LATTICES; DETECTION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; FABRICATION; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FILMS; FORECASTING; MONOCRYSTALS; ORIENTATION; PIEZOELECTRICITY; POLARIZATION; PZT; TIME RESOLUTION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION