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Title: Communication: Nanosize-induced restructuring of Sn nanoparticles

Stabilities and structures of β- and α-Sn nanoparticles are studied using density functional theory. Results show that β-Sn nanoparticles are more stable. For both phases of Sn, nanoparticles smaller than 1 nm (∼48 atoms) are amorphous and have a band gap between 0.4 and 0.7 eV. The formation of band gap is found to be due to amorphization. By increasing the size of Sn nanoparticles (1–2.4 nm), the degree of crystallization increases and the band gap decreases. In these cases, structures of the core of nanoparticles are bulk-like, but structures of surfaces on the faces undergo reconstruction. This study suggests a strong size dependence of electronic and atomic structures for Sn nanoparticle anodes in Li-ion batteries.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Materials Science, Technical University of Darmstadt, Alarich-Weiss-Strasse 2, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)
  2. Institut für Chemie und Biochemie, Freie Universität Berlin, Takustr. 3, 14195 Berlin (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304420
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CRYSTALLIZATION; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; LITHIUM IONS; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; STABILITY