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Title: Short and medium range order in two-component silica glasses by positron annihilation spectroscopy

The dependence of chemical composition on the average sizes of subnanometer-scale intrinsic structural open spaces surrounded by glass random networks in two-component silica-based glasses was investigated systematically using positronium (Ps) confined in the open spaces. The average sizes of the open spaces for SiO{sub 2}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and SiO{sub 2}-GeO{sub 2} glasses are only slightly dependent on the chemical compositions because the B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and GeO{sub 2} are glass network formers that are incorporated into the glass network of the base SiO{sub 2}. However, the open space sizes for all SiO{sub 2}-R{sub 2}O (R = Li, Na, K) glasses, where R{sub 2}O is a glass network modifier that occupies the open spaces, decrease rapidly with an increase in the R{sub 2}O concentration. Despite the large difference in the ionic radii of the alkali metal (R) atoms, the open space sizes decrease similarly for all the alkali metal atoms studied. This dependence of the chemical composition on the open space sizes in SiO{sub 2}-R{sub 2}O observed by Ps shows that the alkali metal atoms do not randomly occupy the structural open spaces, but filling of the open spaces by R{sub 2}O proceeds selectively from the larger to the smaller open spaces asmore » the R{sub 2}O concentrations are increased.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. The Oarai Center, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Oarai, Ibaraki 311-1313 (Japan)
  2. Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
  3. (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304391
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALKALI METALS; ANNIHILATION; ATOMS; BORON OXIDES; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; GERMANIUM OXIDES; GLASS; POSITRONIUM; POSITRONS; RANDOMNESS; SILICON OXIDES; SPECTROSCOPY