skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Time-, frequency-, and wavevector-resolved x-ray diffraction from single molecules

Using a quantum electrodynamic framework, we calculate the off-resonant scattering of a broadband X-ray pulse from a sample initially prepared in an arbitrary superposition of electronic states. The signal consists of single-particle (incoherent) and two-particle (coherent) contributions that carry different particle form factors that involve different material transitions. Single-molecule experiments involving incoherent scattering are more influenced by inelastic processes compared to bulk measurements. The conditions under which the technique directly measures charge densities (and can be considered as diffraction) as opposed to correlation functions of the charge-density are specified. The results are illustrated with time- and wavevector-resolved signals from a single amino acid molecule (cysteine) following an impulsive excitation by a stimulated X-ray Raman process resonant with the sulfur K-edge. Our theory and simulations can guide future experimental studies on the structures of nano-particles and proteins.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2025 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304363
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 140; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CHARGE DENSITY; CORRELATION FUNCTIONS; CYSTEINE; FORM FACTORS; INCOHERENT SCATTERING; MOLECULES; PARTICLES; PROTEINS; PULSES; RESONANCE SCATTERING; SIMULATION; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION