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Title: Spin-on-doping for output power improvement of silicon nanowire array based thermoelectric power generators

The output power of a silicon nanowire array (NWA)-bulk thermoelectric power generator (TEG) with Cu contacts is improved by spin-on-doping (SOD). The Si NWAs used in this work are fabricated via metal assisted chemical etching (MACE) of 0.01–0.02 Ω cm resistivity n- and p-type bulk, converting ~4% of the bulk thickness into NWs. The MACE process is adapted to ensure crystalline NWs. Current-voltage and Seebeck voltage-temperature measurements show that while SOD mainly influences the contact resistance in bulk, it influences both contact resistance and power factor in NWA-bulk based TEGs. According to our experiments, using Si NWAs in combination with SOD increases the output power by an order of 3 under the same heating power due to an increased power factor, decreased thermal conductivity of the NWA and reduced Si-Cu contact resistance.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, SW7 2BT London (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304222
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 21; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COPPER; CURRENTS; ELECTRIC CONTACTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ETCHING; METALS; NANOWIRES; POWER FACTOR; SILICON; SPIN; SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; THERMOELECTRIC GENERATORS; THICKNESS NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems