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Title: Structural and optical properties of (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} polycrystalline thin film alloys

The structural and optical properties of pentenary alloy (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} polycrystalline thin films were characterized over the entire compositional range at a fixed (Cu + Ag)/(In + Ga) ratio. Films deposited at 550 °C on bare and molybdenum coated soda-lime glass by elemental co-evaporation in a single-stage process with constant incident fluxes exhibit single phase chalcopyrite structure, corresponding to 122 spacegroup (I-42d) over the entire compositional space. Unit cell refinement of the diffraction patterns show that increasing Ag substitution for Cu, the refined a{sub o} lattice constant, (Ag,Cu)-Se bond length, and anion displacement increase in accordance with the theoretical model proposed by Jaffe, Wei, and Zunger. However, the refined c{sub o} lattice constant and (In,Ga)-Se bond length deviated from theoretical expectations for films with mid-range Ag and Ga compositions and are attributed to influences from crystallographic bond chain ordering or cation electronegativity. The optical band gap, derived from transmission and reflection measurements, widened with increasing Ag and Ga content, due to influences from anion displacement and cation electronegativity, as expected from theoretical considerations for pseudo-binary chalcopyrite compounds.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Energy Conversion, University of Delaware, 451 Wyoming Road, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304188
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BOND LENGTHS; CHALCOPYRITE; COPPER COMPOUNDS; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; DIFFRACTION; ELECTRONEGATIVITY; EVAPORATION; GALLIUM COMPOUNDS; GLASS; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; LATTICE PARAMETERS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; POLYCRYSTALS; REFLECTION; SELENIUM COMPOUNDS; SILVER COMPOUNDS; TERNARY ALLOY SYSTEMS; THIN FILMS