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Title: Role of phonon scattering by elastic strain field in thermoelectric Sr{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}TiO{sub 3−δ}

Perovskite-type SrTiO{sub 3−δ} ceramics are multifunctional materials with significant potential as n-type thermoelectric (TE) materials. The electronic and thermal transport properties of spark plasma sintered polycrystalline Sr{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}TiO{sub 3−δ} (x = 0.05, 0.075, 0.1) ceramics are systematically investigated from (15–800) K. The Sr{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}TiO{sub 3−δ} simultaneously exhibits a large Seebeck coefficient, α > −80 μV/K and moderately high electrical resistivity, ρ ∼ 0.8 mΩ-cm at a carrier concentration of ∼10{sup 21} cm{sup −3} at 300 K resulting in a high TE power factor defined herein as (α{sup 2}σT) ∼ 0.84 W/m-K at 760 K. Despite the similar atomic masses of Sr (87.6 g/mol) and Y (88.9 g/mol), the lattice thermal conductivity (κ{sub L}) of Sr{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}TiO{sub 3−δ} is significantly reduced with increased Y-doping, owing to the smaller ionic radii of Y{sup 3+} (∼1.23 Å, coordination number 12) compared to Sr{sup 2+} (∼1.44 Å, coordination number 12) ions. In order to understand the thermal conductivity reduction mechanism, the κ{sub L} in the Sr{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}TiO{sub 3−δ} series are phenomenologically modeled with a modified Callaway's equation from 30–600 K. Phonon scattering by elastic strain field due to ionic radii mismatch is found to be the prominent scattering mechanism in reducing κ{sub L} of these materials. In addition, the effect of Y-doping on the elastic moduli of Sr{sub 1−x}Y{submore » x}TiO{sub 3−δ} (x = 0, 0.1) is investigated using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, which exhibits an anomaly in x = 0.1 in the temperature range 300–600 K. As a result, the phonon mean free path is found to be further reduced in the Sr{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}TiO{sub 3−δ} compared to that of SrTiO{sub 3−δ}, resulting in a considerably low thermal conductivity κ ∼ 2.7 W/m-K at 760 K. Finally, we report a thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) ∼ 0.3 at 760 K in the Sr{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}TiO{sub 3−δ}, the highest ZT value reported in the Y-doped SrTiO{sub 3} ceramics thus far.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [6]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)
  3. Department of Physics and National Center for Physical Acoustics, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677 (United States)
  4. Electron Microscope Facility, Clemson Research Park, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29625 (United States)
  5. Materials Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900 (Saudi Arabia)
  6. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22304136
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMIC RADII; CARRIERS; CERAMICS; COORDINATION NUMBER; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; EQUATIONS; MASS; MEAN FREE PATH; PEROVSKITE; PHONONS; PLASMA; POLYCRYSTALS; POWER FACTOR; SCATTERING; SPECTROSCOPY; STRAINS; STRONTIUM TITANATES; THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; YTTRIUM ADDITIONS