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Title: Neutron production from puffing deuterium in plasma focus device

The current research has continued on the PF-1000 plasma focus device at the current of 2 MA by comparison of the shots with and without injected deuterium. The increase of the total neutron yield at the level of 10{sup 10}–10{sup 11} per shot was achieved after the compression of about 10 μg/cm of the deuterium from the gas-valve by about 46 μg/cm of the neon or deuterium plasma sheath. It increases five times at the decrease of the puffing deuterium mass to one-half. In shots with neon in the chamber and with puffing deuterium, a considerable decrease was confirmed of the soft X-ray emission in comparison with shots without deuterium injection. This decrease can be explained by the absence of the neon in the region of the compressed and hot plasma. The deuterium plasma from the gas-puff should then be confined in the internal structures both in the phase of implosion as well as during their formation and transformation. In shots with puffing deuterium, the evolution of instabilities in the plasma column was suppressed. The deuterium plasma has a higher conductance and better ability to form expressive and dense plasmoids and to transport the internal current in comparison with neon plasma. Neutronsmore » were produced both at the initial phase of stagnation, as well as at a later time at the evolution of the constrictions and dense plasmoids.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Czech Technical University, Prague (Czech Republic)
  2. Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Warsaw (Poland)
  3. National Centre for Nuclear Research, Otwock, Świerk (Poland)
  4. Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland)
  5. Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow (Poland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303781
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPRESSION; CURRENTS; DEUTERIUM; EMISSION; HOT PLASMA; IMPLOSIONS; INSTABILITY; NEON; NEUTRONS; PLASMA FOCUS DEVICES; PLASMA SHEATH; SOFT X RADIATION; VALVES