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Title: A one-dimensional model illustrating virtual-cathode formation in a novel coaxial virtual-cathode oscillator

A one-dimensional electrostatic sheet model of a coaxial geometry Virtual Cathode Oscillator (VCO) is presented. The cathode is centrally located and connects to a peripherally located plate electrode to form a resonant cavity, and is thus considered to be a novel design. Charge is modelled as concentric sheets about the cathode whose absolute position and velocity are determined as a function of time by solving the relativistic equations of motion. The model predicts the formation of a virtual cathode between the grid and plate electrodes for the case of a space-charge limited current. Setting the electron reflexing frequency (as a function of the grid potential) comparable with the cavity resonant frequency is predicted to improve the efficiency of microwave emission.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, PO Box 395, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303653
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CATHODES; CURRENTS; DESIGN; EQUATIONS OF MOTION; GRIDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; OSCILLATORS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SPACE CHARGE; TIME DEPENDENCE