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Title: Beam-wave interaction behavior of a 35 GHz metal PBG cavity gyrotron

The RF behavior of a 35 GHz photonic band gap (PBG) cavity gyrotron operating in TE{sub 041}-like mode has been presented to demonstrate its single mode operation capability. In this PBG cavity gyrotron, the conventional tapered cylindrical cavity is replaced by a metal PBG cavity as its RF interaction structure. The beam-wave interaction behavior has been explored using time dependent multimode nonlinear analysis as well as through 3D PIC simulation. Metal PBG cavity is treated here similar to that of a conventional cylindrical cavity for the desired mode confinement. The applied DC magnetic field profile has been considered uniform along the PBG cavity length both in analysis as well as in simulation. Electrons energy and phase along the interaction length of the PBG cavity facilitates bunching mechanism as well as energy transfer phenomena from the electron beam to the RF field. The RF output power for the TE{sub 041}-like design mode as well as nearby competing modes have been estimated and found above to 100 kW in TE{sub 041}-like mode with ∼15% efficiency. Results obtained from the analysis and the PIC simulation are found in agreement within 8% variation, and also it supports the single mode operation, as the PBG cavity doesmore » not switch into other parasitic modes in considerably large range of varying DC magnetic field, contrary to the conventional cylindrical cavity interaction structure.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Faculty of Physical Sciences, Institute of Natural Sciences and Humanities Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Lucknow-Deva Road, Uttar Pradesh-225003 (India)
  2. (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi-221005 (India)
  3. Center of Research in Microwave Tubes, Department of Electronics Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi-221005 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303650
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELECTRONS; ENERGY TRANSFER; GHZ RANGE 01-100; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PLASMA CONFINEMENT; SIMULATION; TIME DEPENDENCE