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Title: Damping of lower hybrid waves in large spectral gap configurations

Extensive experimental data support reliable power deposition and current drive by lower-hybrid (LH) waves in conditions where a large spectral gap exists between the nominal parallel index of refraction prescribed by the antenna characteristics and phasing, and that required for significant Landau damping to take place. We argue that only a significant modification of the initial spectrum at the plasma edge could explain experimental observations. Based on this assumption, a new prescription for reliable simulations of LH current drive using ray-tracing and Fokker-Planck modelling is proposed. A remarkable agreement between experimental observations in the Tore Supra tokamak and simulations is obtained for relevant parametric scans, including electron density and LH waveguide phasing. In an effort to investigate the possible role of fluctuations, it is shown that the spectral gap can be bridged dynamically in the presence of a fluctuating LH spectrum.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303635
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANTENNAS; CURRENTS; ELECTRON DENSITY; FOKKER-PLANCK EQUATION; LANDAU DAMPING; LOWER HYBRID CURRENT DRIVE; LOWER HYBRID HEATING; REFRACTIVE INDEX; SIMULATION; TORE SUPRA TOKAMAK