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Title: Fabrication of AlN/BN bishell hollow nanofibers by electrospinning and atomic layer deposition

Aluminum nitride (AlN)/boron nitride (BN) bishell hollow nanofibers (HNFs) have been fabricated by successive atomic layer deposition (ALD) of AlN and sequential chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of BN on electrospun polymeric nanofibrous template. A four-step fabrication process was utilized: (i) fabrication of polymeric (nylon 6,6) nanofibers via electrospinning, (ii) hollow cathode plasma-assisted ALD of AlN at 100 °C onto electrospun polymeric nanofibers, (iii) calcination at 500 °C for 2 h in order to remove the polymeric template, and (iv) sequential CVD growth of BN at 450 °C. AlN/BN HNFs have been characterized for their chemical composition, surface morphology, crystal structure, and internal nanostructure using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and selected area electron diffraction. Measurements confirmed the presence of crystalline hexagonal BN and AlN within the three dimensional (3D) network of bishell HNFs with relatively low impurity content. In contrast to the smooth surface of the inner AlN layer, outer BN coating showed a highly rough 3D morphology in the form of BN nano-needle crystallites. It is shown that the combination of electrospinning and plasma-assisted low-temperature ALD/CVD can produce highly controlled multi-layered bishell nitride ceramic hollow nanostructures. While electrospinning enables easy fabrication of nanofibrous template,more » self-limiting reactions of plasma-assisted ALD and sequential CVD provide control over the wall thicknesses of AlN and BN layers with sub-nanometer accuracy.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. National Nanotechnology Research Center (UNAM), Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)
  2. (Turkey)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303574
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: APL Materials; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ACCURACY; ALUMINIUM; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; BORON NITRIDES; CALCINATION; CERAMICS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION; CONTROL; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; FABRICATION; HOLLOW CATHODES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PLASMA; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SURFACES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY