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Title: Chlorine doped graphene quantum dots: Preparation, properties, and photovoltaic detectors

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are becoming one of the hottest advanced functional materials because of the opening of the bandgap due to quantum confinement effect, which shows unique optical and electrical properties. The chlorine doped GQDs (Cl-GQDs) have been fabricated by chemical exfoliation of HCl treated carbon fibers (CFs), which were prepared from degreasing cotton through an annealing process at 1000 °C for 30 min. Raman study shows that both G and 2D peaks of GQDs may be redshifted (softened) by chlorine doping, leading to an n-type doping. The first vertical (Cl)-GQDs based photovoltaic detectors have been demonstrated, both the light absorbing and electron-accepting roles for (Cl)-GQDs in photodetection have been found, resulting in an exceptionally big ratio of photocurrent to dark current as high as ∼10{sup 5} at room temperature using a 405 nm laser irradiation under the reverse bias voltage. The study expands the application of (Cl)-GQDs to the important optoelectronic detection devices.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. School of Physical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091 (China)
  2. Kunming Institute of Physics, Kunming 650223 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303493
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNEALING; CARBON FIBERS; CHLORINE ADDITIONS; CURRENTS; DETECTION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTRONS; EQUIPMENT; GRAPHENE; LASER RADIATION; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; QUANTUM DOTS; RED SHIFT; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; VISIBLE RADIATION