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Title: Contrasting physics in wire array z pinch sources of 1-20 keV emission on the Z facility

Imploding wire arrays on the 20 MA Z generator have recently provided some of the most powerful and energetic laboratory sources of multi-keV photons, including ∼375 kJ of Al K-shell emission (hν ∼ 1–2 keV), ∼80 kJ of stainless steel K-shell emission (hν ∼ 5–9 keV) and a kJ-level of Mo K-shell emission (hν ∼ 17 keV). While the global implosion dynamics of these different wire arrays are very similar, the physical process that dominates the emission from these x-ray sources fall into three broad categories. Al wire arrays produce a column of plasma with densities up to ∼3 × 10{sup 21} ions/cm{sup 3}, where opacity inhibits the escape of K-shell photons. Significant structure from instabilities can reduce the density and increase the surface area, therefore increase the K-shell emission. In contrast, stainless steel wire arrays operate in a regime where achieving a high pinch temperature (achieved by thermalizing a high implosion kinetic energy) is critical and, while opacity is present, it has less impact on the pinch emissivity. At higher photon energies, line emission associated with inner shell ionization due to energetic electrons becomes important.
Authors:
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  1. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22300291
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; EMISSION; EMISSIVITY; IMPLOSIONS; INNER-SHELL IONIZATION; IONS; K SHELL; KEV RANGE 01-10; KEV RANGE 100-1000; KINETIC ENERGY; OPACITY; PHOTONS; PLASMA; PLASMA INSTABILITY; STAINLESS STEELS; TAIL ELECTRONS; WIRES; X-RAY SOURCES