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Title: Strong strain rate effect on the plasticity of amorphous silica nanowires

With electron-beam (e-beam) off, in-situ tensile experiments on amorphous silica nanowires (NWs) were performed inside a transmission electron microscope (TEM). By controlling the loading rates, the strain rate can be adjusted accurately in a wide range. The result shows a strong strain rate effect on the plasticity of amorphous silica NWs. At lower strain rate, the intrinsic brittle materials exhibit a pronounced elongation higher than 100% to failure with obvious necking near ambient temperature. At the strain rate higher than 5.23 × 10{sup −3}/s, the elongation of the NW decreased dramatically, and a brittle fracture feature behavior was revealed. This ductile feature of the amorphous silica NWs has been further confirmed with the in-situ experiments under optical microscopy while the effect of e-beam irradiation could be eliminated.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Inspired Smart Interfacial Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory of Bio-Inspired Energy Materials and Devices, School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)
  2. Institute of Microstructure and Property of Advanced Materials, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22300024
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AMBIENT TEMPERATURE; AMORPHOUS STATE; ELECTRON BEAMS; ELONGATION; IRRADIATION; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; PLASTICITY; QUANTUM WIRES; SILICA; STRAIN RATE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY NANOWIRES