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Title: Synthesis of graphene nanoribbons from amyloid templates by gallium vapor-assisted solid-phase graphitization

Single- and double-layer graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with widths of around 10 nm were synthesized directly onto an insulating substrate by solid-phase graphitization using a gallium vapor catalyst and carbon templates made of amyloid fibrils. Subsequent investigation revealed that the crystallinity, conductivity, and carrier mobility were all improved by increasing the temperature of synthesis. The carrier mobility of the GNR synthesized at 1050 °C was 0.83 cm{sup 2}/V s, which is lower than that of mechanically exfoliated graphene. This is considered to be most likely due to electron scattering by the defects and edges of the GNRs.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22299911
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARRIER MOBILITY; CATALYSTS; DEFECTS; ELECTRONS; GALLIUM; GRAPHENE; GRAPHITIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; SCATTERING; SOLIDS; SUBSTRATES; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K