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Title: Preparation of a heteroepitaxial La{sub x}Sr{sub y}Mn{sub z}O{sub 3}/BiFeO{sub 3} bilayer by r.f. magnetron sputtering with various oxygen gas flow ratios

BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO) and La{sub x}Sr{sub y}Mn{sub z}O{sub 3} (LSMO) films were epitaxially grown on SrTiO{sub 3} (100) substrates by r.f. magnetron sputtering with various oxygen gas flow ratios (F{sub O2}). Compositional ratios of each atom in both of BFO and LSMO could be controlled kept to around 10 at.% by changing F{sub O2}. Adjusting the compositional ratio to La{sub 0.35}Sr{sub 0.15}Mn{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} not only increase T{sub c} of LSMO but also produces sufficient oxygen to form a perovskite lattice. For an LSMO/BFO heterostructure, detailed observation by cross sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the lattice of rhombohedral (SG: R-3c) LSMO was shrank by a clamping effect from the SrTiO{sub 3} substrates, and then the BFO was grown in two layers: (i) an interfacial BFO layer (7 nm thick) with evenly shrunk a-axis and c-axis, and (ii) an upper BFO layer (25 nm thick) expanded along the c-axis. Neither misfit strain nor dislocations appeared at the interface between the shrunken BFO and LSMO layers, and these heterostructures did not show exchange bias. These results suggest that BFO is suitable for a tunneling barrier combine with LSMO electrode.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)
  2. Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
  3. Group of Communication Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)
  4. Small Scale Systems Integration and Packaging Center, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22299759
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DISLOCATIONS; EPITAXY; FILMS; GAS FLOW; INTERFACES; LAYERS; MAGNETRONS; OXYGEN; PEROVSKITE; SPUTTERING; STRONTIUM TITANATES; SUBSTRATES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TRIGONAL LATTICES; TUNNEL EFFECT