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Title: Spectroscopic study of gold nanoparticle formation through high intensity laser irradiation of solution

A spectroscopic study of the gold nanoparticle (NP) formation by high-intensity femtosecond laser irradiation of a gold ion solution was reported. The effect of varying energy density of the laser on the formation of gold NPs was also investigated. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak of the gold nanocolloid in real-time UV-visible absorption spectra during laser irradiation showed a distinctive progress; the SPR absorption peak intensity increased after a certain irradiation time, reached a maximum and then gradually decreased. During this absorption variation, at the same time, the peak wavelength changed from 530 to 507 nm. According to an empirical equation derived from a large volume of experimental data, the estimated mean size of the gold NPs varied from 43.4 to 3.2 nm during the laser irradiation. The mean size of gold NPs formed at specific irradiation times by transmission electron microscopy showed the similar trend as that obtained in the spectroscopic analysis. From these observations, the formation mechanism of gold NPs during laser irradiation was considered to have two steps. The first is a reduction of gold ions by reactive species produced through a non-linear reaction during high intensity laser irradiation of the solution; the second is the lasermore » fragmentation of produced gold particles into smaller pieces. The gold nanocolloid produced after the fragmentation by excess irradiation showed high stability for at least a week without the addition of any dispersant because of the negative charge on the surface of the nanoparticles probably due to the surface oxidation of gold nanoparticles. A higher laser intensity resulted in a higher efficiency of gold NPs fabrication, which was attributed to a larger effective volume of the reaction.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials (IMRAM), Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
  2. Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Science, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Gedung 440, JI. Raya Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang Banten 15314 (Indonesia)
  3. National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics (NILPRP), Laser Department, Atomistilor street 409, P. O. Box MG-36, 077125 Bucharest (Romania)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22299754
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Advances; Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2013 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; EFFICIENCY; GOLD; GOLD IONS; IRRADIATION; LASER RADIATION; LASERS; OXIDATION; PEAKS; SURFACES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; WAVELENGTHS NANOPARTICLES