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Title: An analytical study on the diffraction quality factor of open cavities

Open cavities are often employed as interaction structures in a new generation of coherent millimeter, sub-millimeter, and terahertz (THz) radiation sources called the gyrotron. One of the open ends of the cavity is intended for rapid extraction of the radiation generated by a powerful electron beam. Up to the sub-THz regime, the diffraction loss from this open end dominates over the Ohmic losses on the walls, which results in a much lower diffraction quality factor (Q{sub d}) than the Ohmic quality factor (Q{sub ohm}). Early analytical studies have led to various expressions for Q{sub d} and shed much light on its properties. In this study, we begin with a review of these studies, and then proceed with the derivation of an analytical expression for Q{sub d} accurate to high order. Its validity is verified with numerical solutions for a step-tunable cavity commonly employed for the development of sub-THz and THz gyrotrons. On the basis of the results, a simplified equation is obtained which explicitly expresses the scaling laws of Q{sub d} with respect to mode indices and cavity dimensions.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
  2. Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22299709
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; DIFFRACTION; ELECTRON BEAMS; MICROWAVE AMPLIFIERS; NUMERICAL SOLUTION; QUALITY FACTOR; RADIATION SOURCES; SCALING LAWS