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Title: Comprehensive methods to enhance the electrochemical performances of LiFe{sub 0.94}Mg{sub 0.03}Cu{sub 0.03}PO{sub 4}/C cathode for lithium ion batteries

Graphical abstract: Relationships between the conductivities of LFPC-2 cathode and the volume percentages of AB (a) and PAn (b). - Highlights: • LiFe{sub 0.94}Mg{sub 0.03}Cu{sub 0.03}PO{sub 4}/C is synthesized by adding glucose with two-step method. • Conductive polymer polyaniline is used to replace acetylene black. • The content of conductive additive is optimized by the percolation theory. • LFPC-2 cathode containing polyaniline possesses the excellent performance. - Abstract: Comprehensive methods were utilized to improve the electrochemical performances of LiFe{sub 0.94}Mg{sub 0.03}Cu{sub 0.03}PO{sub 4}/C (LFPC) composite cathode. Experimental results show that LFPC-2, prepared by adding glucose in two steps, possesses the effective incorporated of doping ions and well-distributed pyrolysis carbon. It possesses higher conductivity and discharge capacity. The percolation theory analysis shows that the conductivity of LFPC-2 cathode film reaches its maximum value at the mass content of 15 wt.%. The replacement of acetylene black with polyaniline can greatly improve the electrochemical performances of LFPC-2 cathode. Its discharge capacity is 85.3 mAh g{sup −1} and its potential platform is as high as 3.2 V at the current density of 850 mA g{sup −1} when 15 wt.% polyaniline is used. The cycle performance of LFPC-2 is improved when polyaniline is used asmore » conductive additives. And the change of charge transfer resistance of LFPC-2 cathode containing polyaniline is very small after 24 cycles.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22290459
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACETYLENE; CARBON; CATHODES; CERAMICS; CRYSTAL GROWTH; CURRENT DENSITY; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; GLUCOSE; INORGANIC COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM IONS; POWDERS; PYROLYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TEFLON; X-RAY DIFFRACTION