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Title: In situ X-ray diffraction strain-controlled study of Ti–Nb–Zr and Ti–Nb–Ta shape memory alloys: crystal lattice and transformation features

Phase and structure transformations in biomedical Ti–21.8Nb–6.0Zr (TNZ) and Ti–19.7Nb–5.8Ta (TNT) shape memory alloys (at.%) under and without load in the − 150 to 100 °S temperature range are studied in situ using an original tensile module for a low-temperature chamber of an X-ray diffractometer. Alpha″- and beta-phase lattice parameters, the crystallographic resource of recovery strain, phase and structure transformation sequences, and microstress appearance and disappearance are examined, compared and discussed. For both alloys, the crystallographic resource of recovery strain decreases with temperature increase to become 4.5% for TNZ and 2.5% for TNT alloy (at RT). Loading at low temperatures leads to additional α″-phase formation and reorientation. Heating under load, as compared to strain-free heating, affects the reverse transformation sequence of both alloys in different ways. For TNZ alloy, strain-free heating results in simultaneous ω→β and α″→β transformations, whereas during heating under stress, they are sequential: β + ω→α″ precedes α″→β. For TNT alloy, strain-free heating results in reverse α″→β transformation, whereas during heating under stress, α″→β transformation is preceded by α″-phase reorientation. - Highlights: • Comparative in situ XRD analysis of Ti–Nb–Zr(Ta) shape memory alloys is realized. • Lattice parameters of β- and α″-phases are calculated in the −more » 150 to + 100 °C range. • The higher the temperature, the lower the α″→β transformation strain. • Loading at low temperatures results in α″-phase formation and reorientation. • Transformation sequences upon heating with and without loading are different.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. École de technologie supérieure, 1100, Notre-Dame Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3 (Canada)
  2. (Russian Federation)
  3. National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, 4, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22288744
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 88; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; CRYSTAL LATTICES; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; HEATING; LATTICE PARAMETERS; SHAPE MEMORY EFFECT; STRAINS; STRESSES; TITANIUM ALLOYS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION