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Title: Study on the site preference of Ca in superconducting oxides Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2−x}Ca{sub x}CuO{sub 6+δ} (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 1.0)

A series of compound with the nominal composition of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2−x}Ca{sub x}CuO{sub 6+δ} (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0) were synthesized by the sol–gel method. Constituent phases and crystal structure of samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction. It can be found that the Ca-doped Bi-2201 system was composed of Bi-2201 phase containing Ca and a small quantity of Bi{sub 16}(Sr,Ca){sub 14}O{sub 38}. For Bi-2201 unit cell containing Ca, chemical component and site preference of Ca atoms were characterized systematically by transmission electron microscopy. With the introduction of Ca atoms, Sr-sites have been occupied partially by Ca{sup 2+} in Bi-2201 unit cell, which leads to a decrease in the lattice parameters c and b of the Bi-2201 phase when the Ca-content x is below 0.6. Two types of new orthorhombic lattices are formed in the substitution. One is a lattice with space group Pma2 as the two nearest neighbor Sr-sites in the same Sr–O layer are occupied by Ca{sup 2+}. Its lattice parameters can be characterized as a = 5.402 Å, b = 5.313 Å and c = 24.272 Å, respectively. When two nearest Sr ions of the second neighboring Sr–O layers are replacedmore » by Ca{sup 2+} ions, the lattice with the space group Pmn2{sub 1} can be formed. Its lattice parameters are close to that of the previous. The modulation vector is lying in the a*–c* plane in the two new orthorhombic lattices (Pma2 and Pmn2{sub 1}). Bi/Ca-2201 lattice (with Ca) and Bi-2201 lattice (without Ca) coexist in the same Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2−x}Ca{sub x}CuO{sub 6}+{sub δ} grain, which can be described as an intergrowth structure.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. College of Science, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22288730
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 87; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ATOMS; DOPED MATERIALS; LATTICE PARAMETERS; LAYERS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; OXIDES; STRONTIUM IONS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION