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Title: Characterization of twin boundaries in an Fe–17.5Mn–0.56C twinning induced plasticity steel

A twinning-induced plasticity steel of composition Fe–17.5 wt.% Mn–0.56 wt.% C–1.39 wt.% Al–0.24 wt.% Si was analyzed for the purpose of characterizing the relationship between tensile strain and deformation twinning. Tensile samples achieved a maximum of 0.46 true strain at failure, and a maximum ultimate tensile strength of 1599 MPa. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis showed that the grain orientation rotated heavily to < 111 > parallel to the tensile axis above 0.3 true strain. Sigma 3 misorientations, as identified by EBSD orientation measurements, and using the image quality maps were used to quantify the number of twins present in the scanned areas of the samples. The image quality method yielded a distinct positive correlation between the twin area density and deformation, but the orientation measurements were unreliable in quantifying twin density in these structures. Quantitative analysis of the twin fraction is limited from orientation information because of the poor spatial resolution of EBSD in relation to the twin thickness. The EBSD orientation maps created for a thin foil sample showed some improvement in the resolution of the twins, but not enough to be significant. Measurements of the twins in the transmission electron microscopy micrographs yielded an average thickness ofmore » 23 nm, which is near the resolution capabilities of EBSD on this material for the instrumentation used. Electron channeling contrast imaging performed on one bulk tensile specimen of 0.34 true strain, using a method of controlled diffraction, yielded several images of twinning, dislocation structures and strain fields. A twin thickness of 66 nm was measured by the same method used for the transmission electron microscopy measurement. It is apparent that the results obtain by electron channeling contrast imaging were better than those by EBSD but did not capture all information on the twin boundaries such as was observed by transmission electron microscopy. - Highlights: • Performed tensile tests to assess mechanical performance of TWIP alloy • Analyzed tensile specimens using EBSD, TEM, and ECCI • EBSD showed that most twinning occurred at or near the < 111 >//TA orientation. • EBSD, TEM and ECCI were used to measure average twin density. • Compared spatial resolution of EBSD, ECCI and TEM for the instrumentation used.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States)
  2. LEM3, CNRS UMP 7239, Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz (France)
  3. (DAMAS), Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22288681
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 85; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BACKSCATTERING; DEFORMATION; DENSITY; DISLOCATIONS; ELECTRON CHANNELING; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; GRAIN ORIENTATION; PLASTICITY; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; STEELS; TENSILE PROPERTIES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY