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Title: Preparation and characterization of V/TiO{sub 2} nanocatalyst with magnetic nucleus of iron

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Fe-V/TiO{sub 2} nanocatalyst is prepared. • Combination of sol–gel and wetness impregnation methods. • Facile separation of catalyst from medium by magnet. - Abstract: A magnetic composite containing V/TiO{sub 2} was prepared by combination of sol–gel and wetness impregnation methods. The effects of synthesis temperature, different weight percents of Fe supported on TiO{sub 2}, vanadium loading and the heating rate of calcination on the structure and morphology of nanocatalyst were investigated. The optimum conditions for synthesized catalyst were 40 wt.% of Fe, 15 wt.% of V and synthesis temperature equal to 30 °C. Characterization of catalyst is carried out using XRD, TGA, DSC, SEM, FTIR and N{sub 2} physisorption measurements. The magnetic character of nanocatalyst was measured using VSM, which showed the typical paramagnetic behavior of sample at room temperature with a saturation magnetization value equal to 8.283 emu/g. The nanocatalyst has a particle size about 56 nm and can easily be separated from medium by a magnet.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22285217
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCINATION; CATALYSTS; IMPREGNATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON; MAGNETIZATION; PARTICLE SIZE; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TITANIUM OXIDES; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS