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Title: Development of efficient amine-modified mesoporous silica SBA-15 for CO{sub 2} capture

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • A secondary amine AN-TEPA is used to modify the SBA-15. • CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity (180.1 mg g{sup −1}-adsorbent for 70% amine loading) is high. • The sorbent exhibits a high stability after 12 cycling runs. • The modified SBA-15 achieves complete desorption at low temperature (100 °C). - Abstract: A novel CO{sub 2} sorbent was prepared by impregnating mesoporous silica, SBA-15, with acrylonitrile (AN)-modified tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA) in order to increase CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity and improve cycling stability. The mesoporous silica with pre- and post-surface modification was investigated by X-ray diffraction characterization (XRD), N{sub 2} adsorption–desorption test (N{sub 2}-BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The adsorption/desorption performance of S-TN (TN: AN modified TEPA) and S-TEPA was studied by dynamic adsorption. Test results showed that the solid base-impregnated SBA-15 demonstrated high CO{sub 2} adsorption capacity (180.1 mg g{sup −1}-adsorbent for 70% amine loading level). Compared to S-TEPA (24.1% decrease of initial capacity), S-TN with 50% amine loading exhibited improved cycling stability, 99.9% activity reserved (from initial 153.0 mg g{sup −1} to 151.3 mg g{sup −1}) after 12 cycles of adsorption/desorption at 100 °C. A mechanism of molecularmore » structure of the loaded amine was attributed to the improved performance.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22285127
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ACRYLONITRILE; ADSORPTION; AMINES; CARBON DIOXIDE; DESORPTION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MOLECULAR STRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; SILICA; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION