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Title: Microstructure characterization and electrical transport of nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2}–CeO{sub 2} solid solution

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Monoclinic ZrO{sub 2} phase has been changed to cubic ZrO{sub 2} phase within a short milling. • Conductivity increases due to change of phase from monoclinic to cubic. • A maximum has been observed in the s–T curve. • A transformation from −ve to +ve ac magnetoconductance has been observed. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline ZrO{sub 2}–CeO{sub 2} (ZC) solid solution is synthesized by high energy ball-milling the powder mixture of monoclinic (m) ZrO{sub 2}–10 mol% CeO{sub 2} in air medium. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns show that the method IS effective to synthesize cubic (c) ZrO{sub 2} phase within a short milling time. Formation mechanism, structural and microstructural changes of different phases and relative phase abundances have been estimated by Rietveld analysis of XRD patterns. The dc conductivity has been enhanced due to monoclinic to cubic phase transformation. A transformation from small polaron hopping to correlated barrier hoping has been observed from the of temperature dependence frequency exponent study. A crossover from negative to positive ac magnetoconductance has been observed at temperature T = 280 K and 230 K for unmilled (ZC0H) and 8 h (ZC8H) milled samples, respectively.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, Burdwan 713209, West Bengal (India)
  2. Department of Physics, Vivekananda College, Burdwan 713103, West Bengal (India)
  3. Department of Physics, The University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22285117
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CERIUM OXIDES; CRYSTALS; DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES; MICROSTRUCTURE; MILLING; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SOLID SOLUTIONS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES